The braking system of an automobile is perhaps the most essential part responsible for inhibiting its motion in a controlled manner. This system incorporates many parts which work in a coordinated manner to slow down the vehicle. Over time braking systems have evolved and today vary from the traditional drum brake systems to electronically assisted systems. Different types of braking systems can be seen in different vehicles depending upon the manufacturer and type of vehicle, and thus different sub components. Most Honda brake systems are the disk brake type.
Drum brakes use a pair of shoes fixed inside the drum in such a way that they are pressed against the inner surface when the driver pushes the brake pedal. The drum being attached to the rim slows down the vehicle. Generally a single double-acting hydraulic cylinder connected to the pedal is used to actuate the shoes. The pedal cylinder system exploits the mechanical advantage, thereby multiplying the force being transmitted. There is also a device called the brake adjuster inside the drum which maintains an optimum distance between the shoe-drum interface. Most vehicles incorporate a emergency brake lever, which again uses the same shoes for its functioning. When the emergency brake is actuated the cable connected to it pulls a lever connected to a shoe thereby stopping the car. This feature is also useful to park vehicles on slopes. These types are only usually found in older Honda braking systems, usually seventies and early eighties models.
Disc brake are now the new technological trend in automotive braking, which is nothing but a modernized version of the simple bicycle brake. Luckily all modern Honda braking systems are made up of disk brakes as they offer a massive increase in performance. These comprise of a brake disc or rotor mounted on the hub and a pair of brake pads fixed onto the brake caliper. The caliper receives a brake line from the master cylinder which in turn is connected to the pedal. The caliper can generally slide from side to side and is self centering. In the case of motorbikes, it may be rigidly mounted. Force is transmitted hydraulically from the brake line through the piston in the caliper. The piston then presses both the pads against the disc, thereby squeezing it. Discs are usually vented to allow fast dissipation of the heat generated due to rubbing of pads and disc. Vehicles with disc brakes also have an emergency brake system in case of primary brake failure. In most cars, the lever pulls the cable which turns a cam or screw. The cam or screw actuates the piston in caliper, thus producing braking action. Since there can be permanent actuation without the need of driver, this is useful to park cars on slopes. Some braking systems have dedicated drums installed in the rear wheels meant only for emergency braking.
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